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gangguan pada hipofisis anterior atau pada gangguan pada sistem syaraf pusat Amenore sekunder juga bisa disebabkan oleh penyakit. Tetapi terbaik. Kehamilan adalah penyebab paling umum dari amenore sekunder. ikasi rhea sekunder • tidak adanya menstruasi selama lebih dari tiga siklus. Amenore Sekunder. Disusun Oleh: Woris Christoper I Dosen Pembimbing dr. Vidia Sari, Kepanitraan Klinik SMF Ilmu Kesehatan Wanita.

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The opposite is the normal menstrual period eumenorrhoea. Secondary amenorrhea is also caused by stress, extreme weight loss, or excessive exercise. When her ovaries no longer produce estrogen because of amenorrhoea, a woman is more likely to suffer rapid calcium loss, which in turn can lead to osteoporosis.

The hormone estrogen plays a significant role in regulating calcium loss after ages 25— Polycystic ovary syndrome can cause secondary amenorrhea, although the link between the two is not well understood. D ICD – It may be caused by developmental problems, such as the congenital absence of the uterus, failure of the ovary to receive or maintain egg cellsor delay in pubertal development.

After menarche, menstruation was suppressed during much srkunder a woman’s reproductive life by either pregnancy or nursing.

Clinical gynecologic endocrinology and infertility. Many women who diet or who exercise at a high level do not take in enough calories to expend on their exercise as well as to maintain their normal menstrual cycles. Amenorrhoea is often associated with anorexia nervosa and other eating disorders, which have their own effects.

Reductions in age of menarche and lower fertility rates mean that modern women menstruate far more often than they did under the conditions prevalent for most of human evolutionary history. The social effects of amenorrhoea on a person vary significantly. Adnexa Ovary Endometriosis of ovary Female infertility Anovulation Poor ovarian reserve Mittelschmerz Oophoritis Ovarian apoplexy Ovarian cyst Corpus luteum cyst Follicular cyst of ovary Theca lutein cyst Ovarian hyperstimulation syndrome Ovarian torsion.


Secondary amenorrhea is caused by low levels of the hormone leptin in females with low body weight. A reason for this occurrence may be that a person phenotypically female but genetically male, a situation known as androgen insensitivity syndrome.

Therapeutics amenkre Clinical Risk Management. Views Sekundre Edit View history. New research suggests that adding a dosage of Metformin to an anti-psychotic drug regimen can restore menstruation.

Amenorrhea – Wikipedia

Dieting to the extreme”. A Case-Based, Clinical Guide. Intrauterine adhesions Asherman’s syndrome. Female diseases of the pelvis and genitals N70—N99— For sekundder who do not plan to have biological children, treatment may be unnecessary if the underlying cause of the amenorrhoea is not threatening to their health.

R-metHuLeptin has appeared effective in restoring defects in the hypothalamic-pituitary-gonadal axis and improving reproductive, thyroid, and IGF hormones, as well as bone formation, thus curing the amenorrhoea and infertility.

As for physiological treatments to hypothalamic amenorrhoea, injections of metreleptin r-metHuLeptin have been tested as treatment to oestrogen deficiency resulting from low gonadotropins and other neuroendocrine defects such as low concentrations of thyroid and Anenore Primary amenorrhoea can be diagnosed in female children by age 14 skeunder no secondary sex characteristicssuch as enlarged breasts and body hair, are present.

Long-term amenorrhoea leads to an estrogen deficiency which can bring about menopause at an early age. Outflow tract abnormalities tend to be normogonadotropic and FSH levels are in the normal range.

Energy imbalance and weight loss can disrupt menstrual cycles through several hormonal mechanisms. Generally, inadequate levels of FSH lead to inadequately stimulated ovaries which then fail to produce enough oestrogen to stimulate the endometrium uterine lininghence amenorrhoea.

The use of opiates such as heroin on a regular basis has also been known to cause amenorrhoea in longer term users. Types of amenorrhoea are classified as primary or secondary, or based on functional “compartments”. Young athletes are particularly vulnerable, although normal menses usually return with healthy body weight. Certain medications, particularly contraceptive medications, can induce amenorrhoea in a healthy woman.

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Although sekubder contraceptives can causes menses to return, oral contraceptives should not be the initial treatment as they can mask the underlying problem and allow other effects of the eating disorder, like osteoporosissekundeg to develop.

Secondary amenorrhea may also be caused by outflow tract obstruction, often related to Asherman’s Syndrome. Archived from the original on 29 January Archived PDF from the original on Asherman’s syndrome Dysfunctional srkunder bleeding Endometrial hyperplasia Endometrial polyp Endometriosis Endometritis.

Female infertility Recurrent miscarriage. If secondary sex characteristics are present, but menstruation is not, primary amenorrhoea can be diagnosed by age When a woman is experiencing amenorrhoea, an eating disorderand osteoporosis together, this is called female athlete triad syndrome.

A pregnancy test is a common first step for diagnosis. Menstruation Follicular phase Ovulation Luteal phase. For people with celiac, a gluten-free diet avoids or reduces the risk of developing reproductive disorders. Untreated celiac disease can cause amenorrhea. Weight loss can cause elevations in the hormone ghrelin which inhibits the hypothalamic-pituitary-ovarial axis.


Looking at Hypothalamic amenorrhoea, studies have provided that the administration of a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor SSRI ssekunder correct abnormalities of Functional Hypothalamic Amenorrhoea FHA related to the condition of stress-related amenorrhoea. Bartholin’s cyst Kraurosis vulvae Vestibular papillomatosis Vulvitis Vulvodynia.

Retrieved from ” https: Breastfeeding is said to prevent more births in the developing world than any other method of birth control or contraception.