This handbook is designed to be a useful collection of engineering and technical information on electrical and optical wire and cable and related products. Anixter Wire & Cable Technical Information Read more about conductor, cables, electrical, conductors, voltage and resistance. View Anixter Cable from ENG 1 at Tsinghua University. WIRE AND CABLE TECHNICAL INFORMATION HANDBOOK $ HARDBOUND $
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Documents Flashcards Grammar checker. Alumel is a registered trademark of Hoskins Mfg. Chromel is a registered trademark of Hoskins Mfg. Constantan is a registered trademark of Hoskins Mfg. Halar is a registered trademark of Ausimont, Inc. Hypalon is a registered trademark of E. Nisil is a registered trademark of Hoskins Mfg. These include publications of: The term, National Electrical Code, as used herein means the triennial publication constituting the National Electrical Code and is used with permission of the National Fire Protection Association, Inc.
All due concern has been devoted to accuracy but Anixter Inc. All data herein are subject to change without notice. All applicable warranties are provided by the manufacturer. Purchasers are requested to determine directly from the manufacturer the applicable product warranty and limitations.
Data and suggestions made in this publication are not to be construed as recommendations to use any product in violation of government law or regulation relating to any material or its use. Today Anixter is a specialist in the supply of wiring systems for the transmission of voice, data, video, and power with an international network of service centers. For over three decades, Anixter has been a major supplier of power, control, and instrumentation cable of business and industry. With the emergence of data communications, word processing, the electronic office, and local area networks, Anixter fills your need as a one-stop source for cable and hardware.
Anixter provides its customers with its exclusive Action electronic order entry and inquiry system.
Anixter Wire & Cable Technical Information Handbook
Call your nearest Anixter location for more information. This handbook is designed to be a useful collection of engineering informqtion technical information on electrical and optical wire and cable and related products.
It is primarily intended for those individuals who design, specify, or troubleshoot wire and cable systems. We have tried to make this handbook the best in the industry and hope we have succeeded. We welcome your comments and suggestions for improvement in future editions. Techbical Principles of Electricity 1 2.
Insulation and Jacket Materials 27 4. Cable Types and Selection Criteria 59 7. Electrical Characteristics 85 8. Installation and Testing 9.
Packaging of Wire and Cable Technicl and Specifications Conversion Tables Formulas and Constants Continental Europe United Kingdom This electric current takes the xable of free electrons which transfer from one atom to the next. Thus, the more free electrons a material has, the better it conducts. There are three parameters involved in the electrical equation: The volt is the unit of pressure, i.
For instance, when one coulomb or 6 3 electrons flows past a given point on a conductor in one second, it is defined as a current of one ampere. Three things determine the amount of resistance in a conductor: The more conductive the materials used, the lower the conductor resistance becomes.
Conversely, a rise in temperature will generally increase resistance in a conductor. It is important to know that many external factors affect the ampacity of an electrical conductor and these factors should be taken into consideration before selecting the conductor size. The diameters according to the AWG are defined as follows: That is, the ratio of the diameter of one size to that of the next smaller size larger gauge number is: A circular mil is a unit of area equal to the area of a circle one mil in diameter.
The area of a circle in circular mils is therefore equal to the square of its diameter in mils. A solid wire one inch in diameter has an area of 4 1, cmils one square inch equals p 3 1, cmils 5 1, cmils. Square Millimeters Metric sizes are given in terms of square millimeters mm2. Conductor Characteristics Relative electrical and thermal conductivities of common metal conductors are as follows: Each layer after the first has six more wires than the preceding layer. Except in compact stranding, each layer is applied in a direction opposite to that of the layer under it.
If the core is a single wire and if it and all of the outer strands have the same diameter, the first layer will contain six wires; the second, twelve; the third, eighteen; etc. A rope stranded conductor is described by giving the number of groups laid together to form the rope and the number of wires in each group.
A multiple conductor insulated cable with sector conductors has a smaller diameter than the corresponding cable with round conductors. This construction has the advantage of lower AC resistance less skin effect. The core is usually made wholly or mostly of nonconducting material. This construction has the advantage of lower total AC resistance for a given cross-sectional area of conducting material by eliminating the greater skin effect at the center.
Anixter Wire & Cable Technical Information Handbook
The finished conductor is smooth on the surface and contains practically no interstices or air spaces. This results in a smaller diameter. A comparison is shown below: Concentric Compressed Compact Figure 2. In a compact conductor each wire is preformed into a trapezoidal shape before the wires are stranded together into a finished conductor. This results in even less technicl between wires.
A compact conductor is, therefore, the smallest in diameter except for a solid conductor, of course. Diameters for common conductor sizes are given in the table below: These are tin, silver, and nickel. Tin is the most common and is used for improved corrosion resistance and solderability.
At these high temperatures, copper oxidizes rapidly if not nickel plated. One drawback of nickel, however, is its poor handboik.
Tensile Strength AWG lbs. A For bare conductors where greater flexibility than is afforded by Techical AA is required. This is the most common class.
C D For conductors where greater flexibility is required than is provided by Class B. G Conductor constructions having a range of areas from 5, circular mils and employing 61 stranded members of 19 wires each down to No.
Wire and Cable Technical Information Handbook: Anixter: : Books
Typical uses are for portable flexible conductors and similar applications. H Conductor constructions having a range of areas from 5, circular mils and employing 91 stranded members of 19 wires each down to No. Typical uses are for rubberjacketed cords and conductors where flexibility is required, such as for use on take-up reels, over sheaves and extraflexible apparatus conductors. K Up to 2, 0.
M Up to 1, 0. J 10, 12, wir, 16, 18, 20 0.
K 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 0. L 10, 12, 14, 16, 18, 20 0. M 14, 16, 18, 20 0. O 16, 18, 20 0. P 16, 18, 20 0. Q 18, 20 0. Compiled from ASTM standards listed. Soft or Annealed lbs. Insulation is applied around a conductor to provide this isolation. Most wire and cable insulations consist of polymers plastics which have a high resistance to the flow of electric current. A jacket is the outermost layer of a cable whose primary function is to protect the insulation and conductor core from external physical forces and chemical deterioration.
The many varieties wiire PVC also differ in pliability and electrical properties. The price range can vary accordingly. Typical handbooi constant values range from 3. When properly formulated, thermoplastic jackets of polyvinyl chloride PVC provide cables with the ability to resist oils, acids, alkalis, anoxter, heat, weathering, and abrasion. This range of properties makes PVC infofmation suitable outer covering for such cable types as underground feeders Type UFcontrol, aerial, street lighting, and cables for direct burial.
Flamarrest is a plenum grade, PVC-based jacketing material with low smoke and low flame spread properties. Plenum rated cables jacketed with Flamarrest meet UL Standard