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Purchase your copy of ASTM F – 07() as a PDF download or hard copy directly from the official BSI Shop. All BSI British Standards. ASTM F Standard Practice for Human Engineering design. Criteria for Marine systems equipment and facilities. (Application for copies. Last previous edition approved in as F – DOI: While the content is the same, ASTM Practice F in standard published.

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Historical Version s – view previous versions of standard. Some of these behaviors are culturally derived, while others are general and uniform across all cultures and geographical regions of the world. These behaviors influence a person’s physical, social, and psychological approach toward the work they do and how safely they do that work.

Failure to satisfy these behavioral principles in the design of a ship or maritime structure can encourage, or even coerce, maritime personnel into taking unsafe risks in their everyday activities. It is, therefore, imperative that designers of ships and maritime equipment, systems, and facilities know these principles to provide a safe and efficient workplace for maritime personnel.

The most efficient way to prevent unsafe design from contributing to an accident is to eliminate the unsafe design. People come in many shapes, sizes, mental astn, and capabilities.

Therefore, design for the full range of potential users, physically, mentally, and socially. Designers cannot create an unsafe piece of equipment or system and qstm the users to assume full responsibility for its safe use.

Therefore, if that workplace, or any part thereof, appears in more than one place in their work environment, it is expected to be located and look the same way at every location. Designing a ship or structure that ignores or violate those culturally derived behavior patterns will inevitably lead to human error.

Human-machine interfaces shall exhibit common design approaches based on conventions and conformance to operator and maintainer expectations. Where off-the-shelf equipment requires modification to interface with other equipment, the modification should be designed to comply with this practice. Another design objective shall be to optimize ship or system manning, defined as the minimum number of personnel consistent with human performance, workload and safety requirements, reliability, affordability, and risk constraints.


It is recognized that there will be occurrences in which a particular design requirement may have to be interpreted from the data that do exist. There may also be occasions in which design criteria may have to be acquired from a source other than this practice. When those occurrences arise, it is important that assistance be provided by trained human factors engineering HFE professionals familiar with this, and other, maritime-oriented design guidelines and standards and experienced in the application of these guidelines to the design of ships and maritime structures.

Location, Orientation, Lighting, and Arrangement of Displays.

Norma ASTM F()

Grouping Relationships—Principles of Arrangement. Valve-Mounting Heights and Orientations: Design of Auxiliary Hoisting and Carrying Devices. Separation Requirements for Discrete Rotary Controls. Dimensions, Resistance, and Separations Required for Cranks.

Size, Displacement, and Resistance for Legend Switches. Dimensions, Resistance, and Separation for Levers. Aztm, Resistance, and Separation for Slide Levers.

Grouping Controls and Displays by Common Function. Grouping Controls and Displays by Individual Equipments.

Grouping Controls and Displays by Common Equipment. Grouping Controls and Displays by Sequence of Use. Arrangement of Multiple Rows of Controls and Displays. Positional Relationship between Alarm, Display, and Control. Spatial Relationships for Redundant Controls and Displays. Control Mounting Height for Standing Personnel.

Display Mounting Height for Standing Personnel. Display Mounting Height for Kneeling Personnel. Control Mounting Height for Squatting Personnel. Display Mounting Heights for Squatting Personnel. Workplace Dimensions for Shelves with Full Access.

Mounting Heights for Common Electrical Fixtures. Referenced Documents purchase separately The documents listed below are referenced within the subject standard but are not provided as part of the standard. Principles of Control Design. Alarm Requirements by IMO.


Integration of Controls, Displays, and Alarms. Position Relationships of Displays and Alarms. Control and Display Movement Relationships. Alternative Approach to Grouping Design.

Basic Principles of Workplace Design. Status Boards and File Cabinets. Vertical Strainers and Filters. Reach Limitations at Workstations. Safety Eyewash Fountains and Showers. Pedestal-Mounted Controls and Displays. Consoles and Control Panels. Stairs, Ladders, and Ramps. Vertical Ladders with Safety Cages. Valve Placement, Orientation, and Location. Valve Criticality and Location. Whole-body Vibration and Shock. Design Criteria of Labels.

Component Astk on Consoles and Panels. Safe Working Load Identification Labels. Load Weight Identification Labels. Graphical Schematics or Diagrams. Design to Push for Manual Material Handling. Design of Handles and Grasp Areas. Hand Trucks and Wheeled Dollies. Equipment Mounting and Installation. Electrical Wires and Cables. Fuses and Circuit Breakers. Pipe Flanges, Spools, and Blinds.

ASTM F1166 – 07(2013)

Foot-Operated Switches Design Requirements. Pedal Location and Design Requirements. Lateral Spacing for Pedals. Design Criteria for Discrete Rotary Controls. Proper Mounting of Rapidly Operated Cranks. Design Criteria for Pushbuttons. Design Requirements for Rocker Switches. Primary and Secondary Fields-of-View. Aligned R1166 for Rapid Check Readings.

Digital Display Design Requirements. Grouping with Physical Separation. Grouping with Boundary Lines and Borders. Grouping with Colored and Shaded Pads. Control and Display Movement Relationship.

Mimic of Physical Equipment Functional Layout. Depth and Breadth Dimensions.

Hand and Foot Dimensions. Dimensions for a Computer Workstation. Clearance Behind a Seated Workstation. Control Mounting Height for Seated Personnel. Display Mounting Height for Seated Personnel.

Control Mounting Height for a Kneeling Person. Required Dimensions for a Kneeling Worker. Required Dimensions for a Squatting Worker. Front Clearance Requirement for Lower Shelves. Mounting Height of Status Boards. Clearance in Front of Filing Cabinets. Seated Single-Operator Console Dimensions.