pdf -il-ruolo-del-discorso-psicoanalitico-nel-trattamento-delle-nuove- T+ benchmarking-best-. .. http://testnet0. T+ io/ :// .. T+ .
|Published (Last):||1 November 2006|
|PDF File Size:||3.53 Mb|
|ePub File Size:||19.5 Mb|
|Price:||Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]|
Thus, pursuant to the conclusion by the European Union of the Convention, its provisions have become part of the EU legal order and EU secondary legislation is subject to the obligations deriving from the Convention. ITU-T does not refer to interoperability with relay services. The number of EU Member States that are likely to produce their own national requirements is expected to increase in the future given national action plans and commitments to accessibility, particularly in light of the signing and ratification of the UN Convention by Member States.
Annex 6 identifies different national approaches regarding accessibility in the area of public procurement. It will indeed increase the everyday life autonomy for disabled and older people and as a consequence, would improve their social and quality of life. SSTs are commonly used in sectors such as banking automatic teller machines – ATMsand transport services check-in machines and ticketing machines.
EU Directive defining common accessibility requirements for the selected goods and services, as well as in the area of public procurement — immediately applicable to all Member States.
The differences in the impacts of those two policy options mainly relate to the degree of effectiveness, the related costs savings, and their justification in line with the principle of proportionality.
Some Member States have already extended their accessibility requirements for public sector websites to private sector websites. The divergence in national accessibility requirements will lead to costs for business and for consumers who will not be able to benefit from lower prices and a larger offer of goods on-line.
A hospitality service with a total capacity of guest rooms would need to have 6 accessible guest rooms in UK and Ireland, 2 in Austria and France and none in the Netherlands, Portugal and Spain. Account is also taken of the costs that firms will incur in adapting their products to meet different national accessibility requirements, and the costs of understanding these different requirements.
the american nation textbook online 13th edition file type
Annex 6 provides examples of divergent technical accessibility requirements in the built environment with regard to ramps, doors, toilet room free space and staircases in 6 Member States. Based on the current legislative situation described in Annex 6, it is estimated that 24 Member States will have adopted accessibility requirements for audiovisual media services and digital TV equipment in the EU by The methodology used for the calculations has been further explained.
Those obligations are on the results but do not really describe the way to achieve them. Disabled and elderly consumers and citizens at large are all affected as they cannot benefit from innovative, good quality accessible products offered at competitive prices. Preventing the market fragmentation and eliminating all barriers to the movement of accessible goods and services as well as encouraging innovation and creativity in this area would also contribute to achievement of the EU long-term visions of a highly competitive social market economy, as presented in the Single Market Act I and II.
In addition, 6 Member States have adopted copyright exemptions for disabled persons. The 4 following options have been retained for consideration: Differences would concern signaging and wayfinding, rest areas, sanitary facilities, gradients of ramps, counters design, alarm systems. These requirements differ in scope and technical rules, those technical differences might limit the correct use of accessibility features when broadcasting the service outside the Member State.
Consequently, in the absence of EU action, the adoption of more national legislation will in turn increase the risk of disparities between national provisions and practices. To illustrate fragmentation at regional level reference can be made to the UN Committee on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities that in its Concluding observations on the initial report of Austria 13adopted by the Committee at its tenth session 2—13 Septembernoted that ” Austria has a federal system of government and is concerned that this has led to undue fragmentation of policy.
In the absence of EU legislation, while Member States might get inspiration from these documents, experience shows that in the process of making national rules, modifications are often introduced. Article TFEU allows the EU to take measures, not only to eliminate current obstacles to the establishment and functioning of the internal market but also to address barriers pubhlica dissuade economic operators from taking full advantage of the benefits of that market.
A future EU instrument should set common objectives and general rules, while leaving freedom to Member States to define how to achieve those objectives, nell into account national circumstances.
Stakeholders pointed out that even for public buildings the divergence is quite significant and in some cases national legislation is inadequate.
EUR-Lex Access to European Union law
First, the UN Convention requires Member States to make communication technologies and systems accessible including electronic services and emergency services. An EU regulatory intervention leaving a certain margin of discretion to the Member States as to its implementation appears to be efficient to tackle the actual and upcoming problems of the functioning of the internal market.
Target levels of broadcasting accessibility services vary between countries in both the quantities and types of broadcasting accessibility services to be provided. State parties should undertake a comprehensive review of the laws on accessibility in order to identify, monitor and address gaps in legislation and its implementation “.
Second, following the trend in the US, where regulations exist for services, networks and equipment placing obligations on operators and manufacturers and technical standards are being updated, national legislations are expected to address new technological developments and have implications for technical accessibility standards that would be divergent. The current accessibility problems related to these three elements are described in the sections above on architect services, private sector websites, and self-service terminals.
In relation to access to emergency service Portugal requires accessibility of handsets for fixed telephony. In other cases this has been achieved by the ebnchmarking of Real Time Text RTT permitting in addition those deaf and hard of hearing persons that are not sign language users to communicate directly among themselves, amministrazione.filetype also with persons without hearing difficulties.
Annex 6 provides an overview of obligations, technical requirements, standards and guidelines with regard to the accessibility of DTT equipment in the selected 9 Member States.
Accessibility is a vastly misunderstood concept for the tourism sector and especially for SMEs, who have not taken full advantage of the business opportunity. Making eCommerce accessible means that all visitors, including disabled visitors, can benefit from easy navigation, fast-loading web pages and secure, easy-to-use online payment gateways.
Any future EU initiative will be designed to respect fully the principle of amminostrazione.filetype and, in line with the approach of minimum harmonisation, the means it uses will be tailored to achieve the objective of ensuring the proper functioning of the internal market, but no more than that.
The revised report takes on board the recommendations of the IAB and introduces the following main modifications and clarifications: Captions and subtitles provide a written transcript of the dialogue and other important sounds contained in the programme.
In addition, according to the public consultation, there needs to be a requirement for SSTs to use the already existing speech technology, as speech technology is seen as adding significant value to usability There are growing numbers of websites pubblica online information and online booking and sometimes they are essential even to be able to access the service, given the lack of person-managed stations.
For example, EU bus legislation defines design characteristics of low platform buses to ensure their accessibility. Overall approach of the economic analysis. Making eBooks accessible includes mark-up of eBook as per its semantics headings, pages, footnotes etc. The public consultation confirmed this observation, as respondents extensively indicated that by improving access to goods and services, disabled people would automatically have a stronger involvement in society, taking part more actively of the public sphere.
All EU Member Amministrazione.filetypf require some built environment elements, including those where some services are offered to the public, to amninistrazione.filetype designed to be accessible for persons with disabilities.
It benefits industry as there is a amministrazionr.filetype EU level playing field and quicker boarding provides for time savings. In any case cost savings compared with the baseline scenario are much more important for both options. EU action will add value to national accessibility legislation by creating rules that will ensure the free movement of accessible goods and services in the internal market.
The built environment, Information and Communication Technologies ICTand transport were bnchmarking as the most problematic areas focusing on their use in some key services. The proposal for a Council Directive on implementing the principle of equal treatment between persons irrespective of religion or belief, disability, pubbloca or sexual orientation which would extend the protection from discrimination beyond employment, applying to social protection, education and access to goods and services, refers to bencnmarking of goods and services for disabled persons, without however specifying or imposing any detailed accessibility requirements in relation to such goods and services.
The degree of technicality and legal force of the requirements also differ strongly across countries. In some Member States for instance, the Czech Republic, France and Portugal there are no national rules or general practice which would specify technical accessibility requirements. Additional information is provided on the Member States’ obligations on accessibility under the UN Convention and its implications for the fragmentation of the internal market.